Electrical Safety Infographic


Content Summary for The Electrical Safety Infographic

Facts:

–  The fourth leading cause of home fires are lighting and home electrical distribution systems

–  Electrical failure or malfunction is blamed for 50,900 fires resulting in 490 deaths and 1,440 injuries each year.

–  According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, extension cords cause an estimated 3,300 residential fires which kill 50 people and injure an additional 27 people each year.

-The CPSC estimates that electrical extension cord injuries cause about 4,000 hospital emergency room visits with about 13% involving children under the age of 5 each year.

-Over 30,000 non-fatal shock accidents and 60 consumer products electrocutions occur each year

-The top product categories associated with electrocutions are small appliances, power tools and lighting equipment.

Injuries and Symptoms of Electric Shock:

A burn is the most common injury caused by an electric shock but other injuries can include

  • Death
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Muscle pain and contractions
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Irregular Heartbeats
  • Headache
  • Unconsciousness
  • Numbness
  • Tingling
  • Paralysis
  • Vision, hearing, or speech problems

An electrical accident can also cause clothing to ignite therefore causing flame burns as well.

Severe electrical burns can cause more damage to a person than can be seen by the naked eye.

Tips:

–  Outdoor electrical work should always be done by a qualified electrician

–  Use extension cords and other electrical products made for outside use and have the label of an independent testing laboratory

–  Make sure the amperage rating of the extension cord matches that of the outdoor electrical product.

–  All outdoor circuits should have ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs) to prevent electrical shock

–  Inspect all extension cords and electrical products to make sure they are not damaged and replace damaged ones right away

– Make sure all outdoor lighting or electrical products are firmly secured but not in a way that damages the electrical insulation

–  Extension cords should not be pinched by heavy furniture, windows or doors which can damage the insulation

–  Keep all electrical products and extension cords clear of standing water, snow or flammable items

–  Do not overload electrical outlets with too many devices as they can cause a fire from overheating

–  Before replacing any part of an outdoor electrical item, make sure that it is unplugged.

–  Do not leave electrical items on when not home or when sleeping

–  Store electrical tools indoor and keep them away from children

–  Keep in mind that extension cords are not meant for long-term use

–  If an electrical products or extension cord has a three-prong plug, use it only in a three slot outlet or cord. Never remove a prong or force a connection to fit a two-slot outlet

–  When an extension cord in use is hot, unplug it as it may be a sign of overheating.

–  When disconnecting, pull the plug not the cord itself

–  Be careful when assisting a victim of an electric shock in order to prevent a second electrical shock

Sources:

https://www.injurylawyer.com/practice-areas/personal-injury/electric-shock-injuries/

http://www.esfi.org/resource/outdoor-decoration-safety-tips-352

http://www.nfpa.org/public-education/by-topic/top-causes-of-fire/electrical/electrical-safety-in-the-home/outdoor-electrical-safety

http://www.ameriburn.org/Preven/ElectricalSafetyEducator’sGuide.pdf

http://www.dataspan.com/uploads/pdf/us-consumer-protection-extension-cord-safety-fact-sheet.pdf

http://www.esfi.org/resource/holiday-data-and-statistics-359

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