Slip/trip and falls are the second most common cause of lost-workday injuries and can cause back injuries, neck injuries, hip injuries, fractures, severe head or brain injuries, paralysis, and even fatalities. Factors that can lead to Slips, trips and falls: Ice, snow, or rain can create outdoor slipping hazards. Spills on walking surfaces may cause slippery surfaces. Improper mopping and failure to place adequate warning signs can result in a slip and fall incident. Loose mats or rugs may result in tripping. Poor lighting may affect visibility and the ability to detect dangerous surfaces. Walking surfaces that are in disrepair, have protruding nails and boards, or changes in floor height may cause falls. From the source: http://nfsi.org/nfsi-research/quick-facts/ (National Floor Safety Institute) While falls can happen to anyone, at any time, certain groups of people are at greater risk of sustaining a serious or fatal injury in a fall. Fall-related injuries are the leading cause of hospitalizations for two different age groups: those aged 0-14 and those aged 25 and older.*
In the U.S., falls account for over 8 million hospital emergency room visits, representing the leading cause of visits (21.3%). Slips and falls account for over 1 million visits, or 12% of total falls.
Slips and falls do not constitute a primary cause of fatal occupational injuries, but represent the primary cause of lost days from work.
Slips and falls are the leading cause of workers’ compensation claims and are the leading cause of occupational injury for people aged 55 years and older.
Half of all accidental deaths in the home are caused by a fall. Most fall injuries in the home happen at ground level, not from an elevation.
Of all fractures from falls, hip fractures are the most serious and lead to the greatest health problems and number of deaths.
Falls account for 87% of all fractures among people over the age of 65 and are the second leading cause of spinal cord and brain injury.
Falls represent 40% of all nursing home admissions and are the sixth leading cause of death among people aged 70 years or older.
Over 60% of nursing homes residents will fall each year.
Head traumas are the leading cause of fall-related deaths. Tips for preventing falls**
Keep potential tripping hazards out of walkways and stairways, including electrical cords, phone cords, boxes, toys and shoes;
Place non-slip or non-skid mats under your throw rugs to prevent a slip and fall;
Maintain your stairs and other walkways, ensuring that they are safe and free of damage; and
Do not stand on chairs, moving surfaces, or other hazardous objects. *New York State Department of Public Health **The National Safety Council